M.A Islamic Studies - Kashmir Student



Saturday, January 1, 2011

M.A Islamic Studies

M.A Islamic Studies

Note: The syllabus prescribed for the entrance test has been divided into fifteen units. Each unit carries a weightage of four marks. Paper setters are required to set four multiple choice type questions with only one correct or most appropriate answer separately for each unit, giving uniform representation to the whole syllabus contained therein.

Unit I: Jahilliyyah Period and Islam in Focus
1. The Tribal Organization.
2. Virtues and Vices of Jahilliyyah Period.
3. Religious beliefs and practices.
4. Makkah and its special position in Arabia.
5. The Qur’an: Its Revelation and Compilation.
6. Meaning and Message of Islam (Brief Account).
7. The Fundamental Islamic Beliefs (Tawhid, Risalah and Akhirah)
8. Ibadah and Arkan: Concepts.

Unit II: The Prophet (S.A.W.) and his Times, Pious Caliphate and Banu Ummayyah
1. Early Life of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W)
2. The Prophet at Makkah-Dawah and Major events.
3. The Prophet at Madinah: Establishment of Islamic Society, its salient features.
4. Important battles:-Badr, Uhad, Khandaq, Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and Fath (Liberation) of Makkah.
5. Concept of Khilafa and rise of Apostasy movement.
6. Character and Achievements of Pious Caliphate.
7. Establishment of Ummayyad and Contribution of prominent caliphs.
a. Muawiyyah
b. Abd-al-Malik
c. Walid-I
d. Umar bin Abdul Aziz
8. Administration:- Central, Military and Judicial and the Decline of Umayyads.

Unit III: Concept of Ethics and Ethical System in Islam
1. Ethics ---the science of Akhlaq
2. Origin, scope and sources of Ethics
3. Characteristics and Issues
4. Islamic view of life and morality
5. Fara’id (obligations ) and Huquq (Rights)
6. Relation between religion (‘Aqa’id and Akran) and Ethics, morality, Spirituality.
7. Perfect model of Human conduct Uswat-ul-Hasanah
9. Basic Pillars of Islamic Ethics and Ummat-i-Wasatah (The doctrine of golden mean)
10. Role of moral power in Islam.
11. Huququllah (duties towards Allah) and Haququl ‘Ibad (duties towards other human beings).

Unit IV: Ethical Concepts and Akhlaq in Practice
1. Ma’ruf and Munkar
2. Taqwa and Tazkiyyah
3. Fadail (virtues) and Radhail (Vices)
4. Pride and conceit as worst vices.
5. Social duties towards family, parents, friends, relatives and neighbours.
6. Envy and Anger
7. Backbiting and lying
8. Tawbah, Sabr, Shukr and Ithar
9. ‘Adl (Justice), Amanah (trust), Sidq (truthfulness).
10. Rahmah (mercy)

Unit V: Rise and Fall of Abbasids and Social and Economic Life
1. Political condition of Umayyad state on the eve of Abbasid revolution.
2. Establishment of Abbasid dynasty-Consolidation under al-Mansur.
3. (a) The Golden age of the Abbasids: Harun and al-Mamun.
(b) Abbasid, Administration, Central, Judiciary, Military.
4. Class of Society
5. Development of Education Fine Arts.
6. Industry and Agriculture.
7. Intellectual and Cultural Contribution.

Unit VI: Islam in Spain, Intellectual and Cultural Development
1. Socio-Political condition of Spain on the eve of Muslim Rule.
2. Establishment of Muslim rule in Spain.
3. Main Contribution of Umayyad Amirs: Abd al-Rahman I, Al-Hakam I, Abd al-Rahman III, and Al- Hakam II
4. Decline and fall of Muslim rule in Spain.
5. Main Features of Hispano-Arab Society
6. Science and Medicine
7. History, Geography and Philosophy
8. Art and Architecture

Unit VII: Tafsir and Hadith
1. Meaning and Early Development
2. Following Mufassireen and their Tafasirs
a. Tabari (d-310/922)
b. Zamakh Shari (d-538/1143)
c. Razi (d-601/1209)
d. Ibn Kathir (d774/1374)
3. Principles of Tafsir.
4. Types of Hadith
5. Siha-i-Sitta: Main Characteristics and their Compilers
6. Place and Importance of Hadith in Islam.

Unit VIII: Fiqh and Ilm-ul-Kalam
1. Origin and early Development of Fiqh
2. Sources of Fiqh
3. Important Schools of Fiqh (Origin and Characteristics)
a. Hanafi b. Maliki c. Shafa’i d. Hanbali e. Ja’fari
4. a). Origin and Development of ‘Ilm-ul-Kalam
b). Important Mutakallimin
i) Al-‘Ash’ari
ii) Al-Ghazali
iii) Ibn Taymiyyah.

Unit IX: Tasawwuf
1. Origin and Early Development
2. Some important Sufis and their role:
a). Hasan-Basri b. Junaid Baghdadi. c). Bayazid Bistami
3. Important Sufi Orders
a). Qadiriyah b). Kubrawiyah c). Chistiyah.

(a) The Arabs:Islamic Movements (Wahabbiah, Salafiah, Sanusiyah: al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun)
(b) Reassertion of Islamic Turkey: Modern Movements (Tanzimat, Young Turks, Secular State) Reassertion of Islamic Heritage.

Unit XI
(a) Iran: Cultural Development, Constitutional Movements, Response to Westernism during Pahlave Regime. Islamic Revolution and its Achievements
(b) India: Fall of the Muslim Rule (Causes and Consequences) Muslim Response to Modern Challenges, Aligarh School, Deoband, Nadwatul Ulama.

Reformers and Thinkers: Shah Waliullah, Jamaluddin Afghani, Muhammad Abduh, Maulana Ilyas, Maulana Azad, Allama Iqbal and Mawlana Mawdudi.

Unit-X1II: Religious and Spiritual Aspects
1. Principles and Dimensions of Tawhid as Basis of Civilization
2. Different Dimensions of Sunnah and Sirah of Prophet and its Impact
3. Devotional Life and Religious Practices
4. Concept of Ibadah

Unit-XIV: Social Institution
1. Social Role of Islamic Law (‘Adl and Shari’ah)
2. Basis of Muslim Society (Family as Social Institution), Marriage (its Sanctity, Purpose/Objectives and Importance), Polygamy and Hijab
3. Status and Role of Women
4. Early Ummah (under the Prophet (saw) and Khulafa-i-Rashidun) Social Aspects, Akhuwah, etc.
1. Importance of Education in Islam
2. Origin and Development
3. Religious and Social Education
4. Role of Teacher and Educational Institutions

Unit-XV: Islamic Economic Institutions and Political Aspects
1. Spirit and Guiding Principles of Islamic Economy
2. Economic Institutions
a. Zakat
b. Batul-Mal (Purpose and Significance)
c. Waqf
3. Economy prohibitions (Interest, Gambling, etc)
4. Economic Role of the State
5. Concept and Purpose of Islamic State and Administration
6. Ummah: Universal Community
7. Khilafah (Imamah) and Shura
8. Islamic State (Established by the Prophet (saw) and developed by the Khulafa-i-Rashidun) Salient Features